Friday, December 31, 2010

Hybrid Rice Development Cooperation between China-Indonesia

Jakarta - The Indonesian government through the Ministry of Agriculture with the Government of China agreed to conduct cooperation in hybrid rice development. The agreement between the two countries is marked by the launching of the implementation of technical cooperation of Indonesia-Chinese hybrid rice, which took place at the Auditorium Gd D office of the Ministry of Agriculture Jakarta, on Wednesday, December 29, 2010. The event was attended by Chinese Ambassador to Indonesia, Zhang Qi Yue along with other Chinese delegates, and attended also by the Head of Research and Development of Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, Haryono along with officials of Echelon I and II, the scope of the Ministry of agriculture.
In his speech, Head of Hybrid Rice Research Center Indonesia, Kasdi, states, the bilateral cooperation could be started with the arrival of investigators from China to cooperate with investigators Research Agency in the development of hybrid rice and planned activities will be implemented over three years.
Cooperation is carried out by the Research Agency Ministry of Agriculture with the Long Ping Hi-Tech will be focused on implementation in the provinces of Lampung and will gradually be developed in other provinces that are considered good for hybrid rice development and the implementation will be focused on Natar experimental garden and surrounding locations, to be exact Country Village Queen, District Natar South Lampung Regency. The reason is because the selection of sites around the experimental garden of Food Crops Research Institute (BPTP), Lampung, have irrigation facilities and is a center of rice production in South Lampung regency. Meanwhile, the Head of the Agricultural Research Haryono said the agreement meant to test adaptation and test multi several hybrid rice combinations of China.Kemudian to get some combination of hybrid rice from China that have been released in Indonesia that could be developed in Lampung province and surrounding areas .
Development of laboratory and other support facilities in the garden experiment Natar, BPTP Lampung to support the development of hybrid rice in the province. In addition. said that the development of hybrid rice is one of the answers we seek in the spur increased production mainly to support sustainable food self-sufficiency. In Indonesia the development of hybrid rice is still very low which is only 300 thousand hectares of agricultural land area of 7 million hectares. Therefore, the potential development of hybrid rice is still very wide open in the homeland.
Alluding to the productivity of hybrid rice that will be developed through the Indonesia-China cooperation, he revealed from the testing laboratory in China can produce around 9-14 tonnes / ha but the reality on the ground can result in a lower that is around 7-8 tonnes / ha When this has been done sending the first stage selected several varieties of hybrid rice from China and currently in the process of spending at the port of Tanjung Priok. After that, it will be shipping a variety of advanced facilities and equipment that will support the plan of hybrid rice development activities in Lampung.

Wednesday, December 29, 2010

Palm Oil Product Exports Continue to Rise

JAKARTA-one oil palm commodities commodities which are contributors to the revenue of the State that can be relied upon. It can be seen from the export value of palm oil and its derivative products reached U.S. $ 11.61 billion, rising 17.75% or U.S. $ 2.5 billion a year earlier, as well as the volume as much as 21.2 tons of CPO increased 14.23% from the previous year. According to data from the BPS, the estimated exports of palm oil and its derivatives will continue to increase both voleme and value, can be seen in Table 1. The purpose of palm oil export countries include: China, Netherlands, India, Malaysia, America, Italy, Germany and others.

Indonesia is one of the largest producers of palm oil commodities in the world, the area under oil palm production and publication of statistical data based on Directorate General of Plantation is an area of 8.04 million ha to 19.76 million tonnes of CPO production in 2010 that spread across the province in Indonesian , the most widely spread in the area of Sumatra is estimated width of 5.29 million hectares. Large privately owned plantations are still dominant debanding with the people and the State-owned plantations, as can be seen in Table 2 below:

Supplies of oil palm fruit increased sharply with the increase in CPO demand world, as happened a few years this terahir. In addition, with rising crude oil prices, making the CPO as an option for the manufacture of bio-energy raw materials as alternative fuels. It is estimated that the next few years the largest sub-sector investment in plantations is still dominated by oil palm.

Tuesday, December 28, 2010

BRTI will act firmly predatory pricing Rp 0

Indonesian Telecommunications Regulatory Body (BRTI) rate tariff promotions conducted Rp0 mobile telecommunications operators lead to predatory pricing, and can be categorized into unfair competition.
Members BRTI Nonot Harsono revealed it is discussing these issues and will be Rp0 reprimand and act firmly.
"The purpose of predatory pricing is a tariff or price that can kill the opponent's business. If they are still stubborn, then the possibility to transfer the case to the Business Competition Supervisory Commission [Commission} is wide open, "he told Business Today.
According to him, free SMS only reprimanded, let alone calling for free. Supposedly, the word Nonot, mobile operators had already understand it, but accidentally it may panic afraid to compete with opponents of business.
BRTI free tariff rate or Rp0 very strange, especially for off-net given that operators have to pay interconnection.
Indonesia Telecommunication Users Group deplores the persistence of a number of telecom operators who provide Rp0 or free promotional fare that actually tends to trap the customer.
"Users should be vigilant and careful telecommunications to offer the operator a misleading and tend to hide behind the language of the ads that intentionally misleading or misleading information," said Nurul Budi Yakin, Chairman Idtug.
Idtug rate there is often a mobile operator that offers Rp0 rates or free to call to other mobile operators. Free words are always attracted the attention of consumers, although it turns out, in it is full of lies and misdirection.
Nurul Rp0 tariff rate is only fooling the public telecommunications users. Currently, local mobile interconnect tariffs are Rp251 per minute, while for long-distance interconnection antarseluler is Rp461 per minute.
Price Rp0 fully with the terms and conditions in which it is very minimal socialization. Rp0 rates usually apply only after a certain minutes and ended at a particular minute, too, or for the same operator tariff (on-nett).
Meanwhile, the rate from the first minute until the third usually twice more expensive than the basic rate or interconnection, for example Rp10 per second.
"Operators [who advertise Rp0 to all operators] The real retail price quotes to consumers 400 per minute. Profit was Rp149 per minute can be packaged in the language of marketing to be Rp0 per minute, "he regrets.
Rates nelpon antaroperator (offnet) is Rp10/detik without time band. If nelpon 4 minutes 2 minutes free bonus means the total taxable rate Rp2.400 6 minutes so that the real retail price is Rp400/menit.
So, said Nurul, nothing really Rp0, the cheapest is calling on-net at 00:00 to 11:00 (subject to Rp100/10 seconds) the next free, or there are some that only give free Rp0 to 30 the first second.
According to him, perhaps this is meant alias Rp0 free calling, though still have to pay Rp 100 per call, let alone a drop call features that may be intentional or not is still detrimental to the customer.
Based on the website operators, today almost all telecom operators impose tariffs Rp0. XL Axiata language such as launching Rp0 rates for its customers, then followed PT Telkomsel launched the same rate. Both GSM operators provide Rp0 rates for the first 30 seconds.
Besides these two major operators, Axis has also launched new telephone service, Champion Calls Rp0, which allows customers to enjoy Rp0 per minute phone service to all operators after the use of a minimum of Rp100, as well as mobile 8 that advertise free forever, which is clearly misleading.
Idtug expect firm action from BRTI form of fines or other. Regulators also must begin to intervene in tariff policy of the operator who started inconsequential.
Meanwhile, Husna Zahir. Chairman UmumYayasan Indonesian Consumer Organization (YLKI), assess the promotional fare competition Rp0 prove immature.
"Should the competition is on the quality of service and speed, rather than tariffs that are misleading," he said.

Monday, December 20, 2010


The number of poor people (the population under the poverty line) in Jakarta in March 2009 amounted to 323.17 thousand (3.62 percent). Compared with the poor in March 2008 that amounted to 379.6 thousand (4.29 percent), mean number of poor decreased amounted to 56.45 thousand. This is caused partly by:

In January - March 2009 deflation of 0.13 percent UMP in Jakarta there was an increase of 972,645 rupiahs in 2008 to 1,069,865 in 2009 dollars Level of accuracy to the household division of raskin target increases.
Line Kemisknan (GK) in 2009 amounted to Rp. 316 936, - per capita per month GK higher than in 2008 which amounted to Rp. 290 268, - per capita per months.
Composition of Poverty Line shows that the Food Poverty Line amounting to Rp 204,248 (64.44 percent) and Non-Food Poverty Line for Rp. 112 688 (35.56 percent).
Commodity foods that greatly affect the value of Poverty Line is rice, egg and noodles. Influential non-food commodities greatly to the poverty line is the cost of housing and transportation.
The situation in 2009 compared with the situation in 2008

The poverty rate (P0) fell 0.67 points from 4.29 percent to
3.62 percent
Average expenditure gap of each poor towards the poverty line (P1) decreased from 0.72 to 0.57.
Inequality poor expenditure (P2) narrowed namely from 0.19 to 0.14.

Development of Poverty Level March 2008-March 2009:
The number of poor people in Jakarta in March 2009 was 323.17
thousand persons (3.62 percent). Compared with the poor in March
2008 amounted to 379.6 thousand persons (4.29 percent), mean number of poor people
decreased by 57.45 thousand (0.67 percent). This is caused partly by:
a In January - March 2009 deflation of 0.13 percent
b UMP in Jakarta there was an increase of 972,645 rupiahs in
2008 to 1,069,865 in 2009 dollars
c The precision of the division raskin to poor households

Thursday, December 2, 2010

New Strategy for Agricultural Development

Price escalation in food and agriculture to three-fold during the last three years is troubling, not least for Indonesia. The following three main factors are often considered responsible, namely (1) climate change phenomena that disrupt food production forecast strategic, (2) increasing demand of food commodities due to conversion to biofuels, and (3) action of the investors (speculators) the global level due to market conditions financial uncertainty.
Even so, the price escalation has also been the opportunity (and challenge) to formulate a new agricultural development strategy that is compatible with the changing times.
Agricultural development in Indonesia has shown that the contribution of hard indisputable, that the increase in productivity through high yielding varieties of food crops, livestock and fishery production surge has proven capable of overcoming the problem of hunger in the last four decades. Plantation and agro-industry development has also been able to deliver on the nation's economic progress, improving export performance, and labor absorption.
In short, the performance of the agricultural travel Indonesia is much more comprehensive than the rate 3.51 percent per year average growth in the period 1960-2006, calculated from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
In the early stages or phases of consolidation 1967-1978 agricultural sector grew only 3.38 percent, then jumped very high and reached 5.72 percent in the period 1978-1986, then back to slow down 3.39 percent in 1986-1997 and continue the deconstruction phase slows 1.57 per cent until the period of economic crisis.
In times of economic crisis, the good performance achieved by plantation and livestock sub-sector is almost no significant impact because of declining purchasing power. In the reform era (2001-2006), Indonesian agriculture has grown 3.45 percent per year, and yet can be said to have headed in the right direction (more see Arifin, 2007).
Three important principles
Over the past four decades, agricultural development strategy to follow three essential principles: (1) broad-based and integrated with the macro economy, (2) equity and poverty eradication, and (3) preservation of the environment. Two main principles have shown good performance, as described above, because the support network of irrigation, roads, bridges, changes in technology, macroeconomic policy, and so forth.
The concept of agricultural revitalization that proclaimed President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in fact can not be separated from the mindset and strategies mentioned above. Because the phenomenon of the Green Revolution and the perspective of consistency, the achievement of rice self-sufficiency in the 1980s has also been followed by increased prosperity and equity income of rice farmers in Indonesia, equitable distribution of rural and urban sectors.
At that time the center of rice production in Java, Lampung, South Sumatra, West Sumatra, North Sumatra, South Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara, and others are also identical to the welfare and income distribution.
The third principle of conservation of environment is not yet widely shows the results because of newly developed serious post-Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1992.
In short, agricultural development must be able to bring the mission of equality if you want to contribute to the eradication of poverty and ensuring sustainability of development itself.
The new strategy
Here is a new strategy of trying to offer in relation to the determinants of new patterns of agricultural development in the future. The strategy has been proven and tested so far do not have to be abandoned, just need to be complemented with several dimensions of the following:
First, agricultural development must promote research and development (R & D), especially those able to answer the challenge of climate change adaptation. For example, researchers are challenged to produce rice varieties that can bloom in the morning, when the air temperature is not too hot. Upland rice-story scaffolding in the era of the 1980s that is able to adapt and grow in upland and rainfed, now need to be improved to generate higher productivity than 2.5 tons per hectare. That the Indonesian agriculture should not rely only on the land in Java seems to have been agreed, just need to be systematically implemented. For example, new varieties need to be tested and test multi adaptation in a number of dry areas by empowering the local university network and the Institute for Agricultural Technology Development scattered in the area.
Second, the integration of food security development with energy development strategy, including alternative energy. This strategy is new is at its very beginning so that Indonesia should not be one step. Indonesia was once late in the food security reconcile with alternative energy. That is, Indonesia needs something bigger than just a policy at the level of Presidential Instruction No. 1 / 2006 on Biofuels and Presidential Regulation No. 5 / 2006 on the Diversification of Energy.
Third, agricultural development is inherently necessary to protect farmers' producer (and consumer). Food and agricultural commodities business risk factors such as season, the lag time (time-lag), differences in productivity and product quality are quite striking. The mechanism of hedging (hedging), crop insurance, auction markets and warehouse receipts are the slightest of important examples of instruments that can reduce business risk and market uncertainty. Operationalization of this strategy, policy formulators and administrators at the local level must be able to make it into an action step is to give enlightenment to the farmers, empowering communities, and strengthen community organizations to be able to participate in the commodity futures market is more challenging. This is where the tough and competitive agriculture will be realized.